An ET1 is a formal legal document which starts an Employment Tribunal claim. An ET1 is completed by a Claimant. Once issued by the Tribunal Service, a copy of the ET1 is sent to each of the Respondents to the claim.
The ET1 form which needs completing can be found online here. The ET1 is usually best issued online.
Usually a potential Claimant would need to have obtained an ACAS Early Conciliation certificate before being able to lodge an ET1. Until late July 2017, a Claimant had to pay a fee or apply for fee remission when lodging their ET1. Since July 2017 Employment Tribunal fees have been scrapped, but they may return.
The Employment Tribunal Rules of Procedure 2013, specifically Rules 8-12, specify what the Employment Tribunal demands in the ET1 and their reasons for rejecting an ET1. Usually one or more Claimants can complete only one ET1 if the Claim is substantially based upon the same facts.
Often an ET1 is accompanied by a Grounds of Claim which sets out the factual scenario of the claim and the specific areas of law which the Claimant allege have been broken. Free example Grounds of Claim to accompany the ET1 can be found here. If a Claimant is unable to obtain a No Win, No Fee agreement from a solicitor, and does not have Legal Expenses Insurance and does not have Trade Union funding but can only afford a small amount of legal advice, then it is advisable that an Employment Solicitor or Barrister prepares the ET1 and Grounds of Claim, given that the majority of Employment claims do not go to trial. It is essential that the ET1 and Grounds of Claim are correctly prepared.