Home » Student Lawyer Blog: Can You Claim Compensation If You Walk into a Road and Are Hit By a Car?

Student Lawyer Blog: Can You Claim Compensation If You Walk into a Road and Are Hit By a Car?

July 17, 2018,
Isam Rumzan,

Case: Sabir v Osei-Kwabena [2015] EWCA Civ 1213

by Isam Rumzan


The claimant, a pregnant woman, exited from a car and walked to the rear of it before stepping out into the road in order to cross. The claimant did not stop at the kerbside before crossing out into the road. She was struck by the defendant’s car which was travelling at 30 miles per hour. The Claimant had walked 3.6/3.7m into the carriageway.

The claimant suffered several bone injuries, significant abdominal injuries and, very sadly, miscarried her child. She also suffered a traumatic brain injury.

Issues for the court

Whether the defendant driver had enough time to break at all, and whether the claimant’s contribution in causing the damage to herself (by misjudging her position walking into the road) was greater than 25%. This is known as contributory negligence.

The reasoning of the court

The judge balanced two main elements in making the decision to dismiss the claim. These were: cause and blameworthiness. As a car could usually do much more damage to a person than a person could do to a car, the court imposed upon drivers a ‘high burden’.

The judges decided that if the defendant had kept a proper look out and seen the claimant when he should have done then he would have avoided the collision, simply by taking his foot off the accelerator pedal. Moreover, the Judges concluded that the defendant should have foreseen the likelihood of pedestrians being on the road. Therefore, the Judges ruled that not seeing the claimant as she was crossing the road placed the defendant in a position of high blameworthiness.

Furthermore, driving a car at even a sensible speed without keeping a proper lookout in a situation in which pedestrians could reasonably be expected to be present in the road pointed to a considerable degree of blameworthiness.

However, although the defendant was held to be primarily liable for the claimant’s injuries, the Judges had to assess the claimant’s involvement in the collision and to therefore assess the impact of the claimant’s actions on the injuries which she suffered. Consequently, it was held that it had been substantially less than that of the defendant. For that reason, the damages (compensation) recoverable was reduced to as much as the Judges regarded as just and reasonable, taking into consideration the claimant’s share in the act.

The judges held that the defendant was 75% responsible for the claimant’s damages. The claimant was held to be 25% responsible for the damages suffered.


As this important decision shows, pedestrians are afforded a great deal of legal protection when crossing roads, even when it might appear that the fault lay squarely with the pedestrian. Cars are highly dangerous weapons, and therefore the court held that all car drivers must be alert at all time to unexpected events. This case shows the difference between what non-lawyers might regard as blameworthy and the view of the courts.


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Post by

Isam Rumzan

Isam Rumzan

Law graduate and current Legal Practice Course & Masters student. He is interested in various areas of law such as: business, commercial, conveyancing, wills and probate and personal injury. He also has roots in business and entrepreneurial skills as he started selling clothing and accessories over the internet at the age of 17. However, his commercial mind set has not completely consumed him, as he finds voluntary work really rewarding. Volunteering for the Personal Support Unit has allowed him to appreciate the significance of supporting individuals who greatly appreciate the help and support they receive during court proceedings and legal challenges which life throws at them. Moreover, he is motivated by teamwork, high spirit, enterprise, hard work, honesty and integrity. As he believes that high ethical and moral values combined with high drive for excellence enables individuals and corporations to blossom into the next big success. His purpose in life is to achieve greatness so that he is able to help others achieve the same.

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